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History of Embroidery
Friday, July 8, 2016 5:06:15 AM America/Chicago
Someone wise had once said – “Necessity is the mother of invention”.
We at Deepkala couldn’t agree more. Why, you ask? Let us tell you.
Our ancestors realized that a need to connect two things in order to make something bigger and better existed. Be it to make shelters, to create covering for one’s body, to shield themselves from cold, & much more the absence of a connecting element was apparent & that need to figure out the missing block led to the art of sewing. According to research the art of patching up i.e. sewing is one of the oldest textile arts, arising in the Palaeolithic era. Before the spinning yarn was invented archaeologists believe that Stone Age people sewed clothes and shelters using bones, ivory needles, leaves and much more.
It is after the invention of yarn people started sewing clothes with this thin & nearly invisible fibre like thing. After years of sewing with hands the sewing machine was invented which sped up the process of people experimenting with various patterns & designs instead of the plain mending stitch.
The need of tailoring clothes, patching rips, sewing pieces kept on increasing and the methodology to do so kept on evolving. Soon there were colours added, then different stitching patterns, then usage plus design of buttons evolved & the need for people to stand out, the thirst to own a unique piece by adding small beautiful trinkets slowly, steadily gave birth to embroidery.
Kadai i.e. Embroidery in Hindi, is the process of decorating a simple piece of cloth with stitched designs. A person can add n number of buttons, beads, and bright coloured threads to give their cloth a beautiful makeover.
In India we have hordes of embroidery style differing from region to region and each as beautiful as the last one. Here we’ll give you a glimpse of the top 3.
1. Mirror work
This type of embroidery is widely used in Gujarat and Rajasthan. People use tiny pieces of glasses cut in, diamond, circles, cylinders and many other shapes and stitch it in-between patches of beautifully coloured threads. The most famous shape of glass to be used is circle. It is usually found in combination with buttonhole stitch, cross stitch & satin stitch. Off lately people have started using thin pieces of shiny metal which serve the purpose design wise but aren’t actual glasses. This work was majorly used in cushion cover, bed covers, Chaniya Choli but now a days this work has made its way into sarees, specially the blouses that makes the design truly one of a kind.
2. Gota Patti
This is a hugely popular Rajasthani embroidery where small pieces of golden ribbons are sewn into elaborate patterns. It is used heavily in their ceremonial outfits. Special thanks to main stream designers like Anita Dongre that have put Gota Patti on the runway & people all across India have gradually started recognizing and appreciating the beauty of Gota Patti.
Zari or Zardozi is the most widely known form of Indian embroidery known to exist since 16th century brought to India by Mughal invaders. The word zardozi comes from two Persian words Zar=gold & dozi=embroidery. Earlier the practice was to use real gold and silver threads in this embroidery making it the rich people’s wardrobe staple. With time, use of more economical metallic thread made it more affordable for the general public to purchase.
Now that you know about the amount of beauty that is out there why don’t you treat yourself with a shopping spree of such magnificent embroideries, while we go back to our hunt for more such interesting pieces and beautiful items?
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